What is Pinched Nerve in Hip?
A pinched nerve in hip is caused as a result of too much pressure being exerted on a nerve by the surrounding tissues. Such tissues include the bones, tendons, muscles and at times cartilage. The pressure upsets the normal functioning of the nervous system resulting in tingling or numbness. It might also be as a result of a precondition such as sciatica where the sciatica nerve is caught between two muscles.
The common culprits causing pinched nerves are bones and cartilage. This is especially the case when an individual has a herniated spinal disk which exerts a lot of pressure on nerve roots. Other culprits include muscles and tendons.
How do they occur?
The pressure generated from the surrounding muscles and other tissues causes the nerve to be inflamed thus causing it to lose its normal capability to function. The length of time that a nerve remains pinched determines the damage. If it is only for a short time and the pressure is relieved, there is usually no considerable damage that occurs and the nerve resumes normal function.
However, if the nerve is exposed to too much pressure for a long period of time then extensive damage is sure to occur. The damage caused includes permanent nerve damage and chronic pain.
What are the causes of pinched nerve in hip?
There are a variety of causes that can lead to a pinched nerve in the hip. An individual might be suffering from a condition which leads to too much pressure being applied on a nerve in the hip. These conditions include obesity, inappropriate posture, osteoarthritis and stress incurred from doing repetitive tasks.
1. Obesity: Obesity makes people susceptible to a pinched in hip because with excess weight, there are muscle and tissue problems that are bound to crop up. Too much weight also compromises blood flow, further creating a haven for this condition.
2. Poor Posture: Poor posture as hinted above will cause the problem. Those who sit or sleep in the same posture for too long will see great pressure subjected to tissues in the hip and the problem will arise.
3. Pregnancy: Pregnancy is another common cause that has been found to spark the condition. During pregnancy, a lot of pressure is exerted to the pelvic area and the legs. In this regard, a pinched nerve in hip will not be uncommon. The developing baby will ensure that the uterus becomes more pressured and this condition will occur.
4. Injury: Injury is yet another vital factor to mention as a cause. During activity, people might injure their nerves and this is a common cause of the condition in many.
Over-activity has been found to be among the leading causes of a pinched nerve in the hip. This can be excessive running, walking or any other task. Straining can be the recipe to such a condition and where over-activity is concerned, a pinched nerve in hip will certainly occur.
5. Hip Fractures: Hip fractures may be caused due to exercises or a fall. Muscles, tendons and ligaments can be strained or torn which may injure the hip joint causing chronic hip pain. The pain sensation on the hip can be experienced during normal movement of the joint.
6. Bone Diseases: Bone diseases like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) affect the hip joint. Both of these diseases may result in bone erosion causing inflammation which leads to pinched nerve in hip.
Osteoarthritis pain occurs on the ball and socket joint and affects the people as they get older. Arthritis pain occurs usually in the groin or on the thigh, due to swelling or stiffness in the joint.
7. Bursitis: Bursitis is another common cause for pinched nerve in hip. Bursa or Bursae are fluid sacs which provide support to the bony part of the hip. These sacs may possibly become inflamed and can lead to severe pain on the hip joint.
8. Tendinitis: Tendinitis may also cause pain in the hip. There are a number of tendons all around the hip that connect the muscles to the joint. These tendons can become inflamed or tear in physical activity.
If the pinched nerve in hip is not detected early it can cause extensive damage by invading nearby tissues and organs such as the stomach and the groin. It might also cause great discomfort because the hip is used for movement. A major effect of pinched nerves is peripheral neuropathy.